Many people will say YES: CB radio is the best radio system for short distances. If you have doubts, find another communication tool that can work in a selected range of forty channels.
Yes, somewhere using CB radio requires a license. But most countries allow doing without it.
CB radio is simple and straightforward. It is a two-way radio system that is used by ordinary citizens for personal or business communication.
The main advantage of CB radio is that it works when the rest goes silent. If the phone has lost touch, you do not even think about Wi-Fi, then CB radio will continue to faithfully serve.
A Bit of History
CB radio was born a long time ago. It was in 1945 in the United States. Then the radio had only 22 channels per 11 meters of range.
CB radio overtook most of the time in 1977 when 40 channels already became channels. Truck drivers were the most active users of the radio. CB radio allowed them to organize safe traffic on the road, coordinating the movement among themselves.
Drivers could tell each other where to refuel better, and where better not to go and see.
Plus, popular culture has made its contribution and CB radio has become a rock star.
What Are CB Radio Frequencies & CB Radio Channels?
Frequencies are distributed in the range of 27 MHz. At these frequencies, you can find different channels (only 40) that have different purposes, are open or closed.
Signaling requires a specific area. Frequency is the range of waves in which the signal passes.
Different channels have different waves. And each channel is designed for a certain kind of signals. All channels are open to all CB radio users.
It looks like this: (from left – to right: frequency, channel and usage)
- 26,96500 – CB Channel 01 – open to all
- 26,97500 – CB Channel 02 – open to all
- 26,98500 – CB Channel 03 – open to all
- 27,00500 – CB Channel 04 – open to all–4×4 channel
- 27,01500 – CB Channel 05 -open to all
- 27,02500 – CB Channel 06 – open to all
- 27,03500 – CB Channel 07 – open to all
- 27,05500 – CB Channel 08 – open to all
- 27,06500 – CB Channel 09 – Emergency
- 27,07500 – CB Channel 10 – open to all–regional roads
- 27,08500 – CB Channel 11 – open to all
- 27,10500 – CB Channel 12 – open to all
- 27,11500 – CB Channel 13 – open to all–marine, RV
- 27,12500 – CB Channel 14 – open to all–walkie talkies
- 27,13500 – CB Channel 15 – open to all
- 27,15500 – CB Channel 16 – open to all (also for SSB cb radio)
- 27,16500 – CB Channel 17 – open to all–North/South Traffic
- 27,17500 – CB Channel 18 – open to all
- 27,18500 – CB Channel 19 – Truckers–East/West Hwy Traffic
- 27,20500 – CB Channel 20 – open to all
- 27,21500 – CB Channel 21 – open to all–regional roads
- 27,22500 – CB Channel 22 – open to all
- 27,25500 – CB Channel 23 -open to all
- 27,23500 – CB Channel 24 – open to all
- 27,24500 – CB Channel 25 – open to all
- 27,26500 – CB Channel 26 – open to all
- 27,27500 – CB Channel 27 – open to all
- 27,28500 – CB Channel 28 – open to all
- 27,29500 – CB Channel 29 – open to all
- 27,30500 – CB Channel 30 -open to all
- 27,31500 – CB Channel 31 – open to all
- 27,32500 – CB Channel 32 – open to all
- 27,33500 – CB Channel 33 – open to all
- 27,34500 – CB Channel 34 – open to all
- 27,35500 – CB Channel 35 – open to all
- 27,36500 – CB Channel 36 – open to all (also SSB)
- 27,37500 – CB Channel 37 – open to all (also SSB)
- 27,38500 – CB Channel 38 – open to all (also SSB, LSB)
- 27,39500 – CB Channel 39 – open to all (also SSB)
- 27,40500 – CB Channel 40 – open to all (also SSB)
What Is The Assignment Of CB Radio Channels?
You may have a very reasonable question: “Why so many channels at different frequencies?”
The fact is that not everyone uses CB for fun. For many people, CB radio is part of their working routine. That is why some channels are designed for Emergency, and others for other purposes.
As a rule, all channels are divided into emergency, channels for drivers and business channels.
What CB Radio Channels Use for Truckers?
Every truckers should have a quality cb radio for his truck. The most popular channel for truckers is Channel 19. As you understand, there are quite a few truckers, and the channel is one. So, most of the time the channel is busy with constant traffic. What to do the rest?
In different cities use other non-standard channels.
In Washington and Oregon, they talk on channel 17, in the place from Los Angeles to the Lost Hills highway, they use channel 15, from Los Angeles to San Diego, and channel 21is used. Throughout California, people use from 1 to 15 channels.
Other Citizen Radio Channels
In America, the channels are used in the above way, and in Europe things are different. Different channels are used for completely different purposes.
For example, channel 13 is used for marine and for RV. Walkie-talkies can be found on channel 14. Channel 10 is occupied by road regulation, Channel 17 is the control of northern traffic.
Channel 9 is always an emergency channel and is intended for civilians who are in an extreme situation.
Illegal Civilian Radio Frequency Bands
What are CB frequency frequencies illegal? The FCC considers illegal frequencies above 28000 MHz. What happens if the FCC catches transmissions at these frequencies? Huge fines will follow.
These frequencies are illegal because you need a license to use them. In addition, such frequencies use Morse code.
What Is A Bootleg?
There is a bootleg frequency. You must have heard of them.
Radio amateurs with a license can modify and use the radio station on 10 meters.
This frequency is called the bootleg frequency. This frequency is open only to those CB stations that are FCC approved. Why? The fact is that such radio devices are more difficult to load and modify. And unapproved ones are available for this.
So, the bootleg frequency is legal, but if you have a license.
What Is Freebanding?
Before you continue reading this, I want to give you a recommendation: think twice before using the free lane. And that is why.
What is freebanding? It is the use of different channels by the operator at 11-meter frequency.
However, most of the frequencies in this range are outside the allowable range of radio frequencies.
Who uses these frequencies? Individuals or institutions use free lanes. Because they have a license and permission to do so.
Why should you think before you go to these frequencies? They are unauthorized. We have the right to listen to only those frequencies that are regulated by the FCC. That is why to use freebanding means to act illegally.
And even if you are a fan of the illegal, I advise you to avoid free bands.
The fact is that the free bands have a poor design and lead to radio frequency distortion in the CB radio range.
It is safe to do not use free bands. In the event of an emergency, all channels must be open. In this case, the free bands can cause failures, and this carries a big risk.
But people still use freebanding. Why? 40 channels are a lot but this is still not enough. Situations, when all channels may be traffic, is not uncommon. Everywhere there may be signals and conversations.
Due to that hoping for the help of higher powers or for the fact that they will not be noticed or for something else, the operators leave “from the comfort zone” and cross the limits of the allowable zone.
The share of lovers of dangerous and adventurous adventures among the operators is also there. They either buy the radio, is not in the US, or modify their radio.
When you want to go to the free lane, always remember about a fine of 10 thousand dollars.
Emergency Channels In CB Radio
There are emergency channels in the channel environment for CB radio. These channels are designed specifically for those cases when you are stuck in some extreme situation and you need help.
You can have a mobile phone with you, and you can forget it at home. A mobile phone may not catch connections and emergency channels will come to the rescue.Emergency channels are needed for you to feel safe traveling and always ask for help.
Channel 9 is an emergency channel for CB radio. Asking for help on other channels will not be effective. Because the emergency services are constantly monitoring on channel 9.
No information received on this channel will not be missed or ignored.That is why if you really need help, it is better not to waste time on other channels.
Important To Know
- Using equipment from another country and not intended for this country may be illegal here. It is fraught with fines.
- You need to filter your signals and clearly separate the important information from the unimportant. Chatter creates traffic that prevents other operators from transmitting important information.
- Keep in mind that emergency messages have priority on all channels.
- Before buying CB radio, be sure the FCC has checked the radio.
- Avoid free bands and you will be free from a large fine.
Using CB radio is not only a great pastime. It is regulated by law and that is why it has many rules that must be followed.
In order not to be a person who has to pay a large fine of ten thousand dollars, it is better to be on the right side and follow the rules.
You also need to be polite and respect other people and their messages. No one likes talkers!